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Taylor Surname

This Taylor line is English in origin.
1st Generation:

James Taylor was born on February 12, 1634/5 in Carlisle, Cumberland, England. He died on April 30, 1698 in New Kent (now Caroline) Co., Virginia.

James Taylor was the great-great-grandfather of United States President Zachary Taylor (1784-1850). James married first Frances Walker. James married second Mary Gregory on August 10, 1682 in Caroline Co., Virginia. She was born circa 1665 and died circa 1747.

They had the following children:

1 John Taylor was born circa 1682.
2 Anne Taylor was born on January 12, 1683/4.
3 Elizabeth Taylor was born on January 12, 1683/4.
4 Mary Bishop Taylor was born on June 2, 1688 in Caroline Co., Virginia.
5 Edmund Taylor was born on July 5, 1690.
6 John Taylor

2nd Generation:

John Taylor was born on November 16, 1696 in Caroline Co., Virginia. He died on March 22, 1780 in Granville (now Vance) Co., North Carolina. He is buried in the Machpelah Cemetery, near Townsville, Vance Co., North Carolina.

Father: James Taylor
Mother: Mary Gregory

John married Catherine Pendleton on February 14, 1715/6 in Rapidan, Orange Co., Virginia. She was born on December 8, 1699 in King and Queen Co., Virginia. She died on July 26, 1774 in Granville (now Vance) Co., North Carolina. She is buried in the Machpelah Cemetery, near Townsville, Vance Co., North Carolina.

They had the following children:

1 Mary Catherine Taylor was born on May 30, 1718.
2 Ann Taylor was born on May 10, 1721.
3 Edmund Taylor
4 Isabella Taylor was born on June 26, 1725.
5 John Taylor was born on July 17, 1727.
6 James Taylor was born on September 9, 1729.
7 Phillip Taylor was born on February 17, 1730/1.
8 Elizabeth Taylor was born on July 9, 1735 in Caroline Co., Virginia. She married James Lewis.
9 William Taylor was born on December 19, 1735.
10 Joseph Taylor was born on February 19, 1740/1.

3rd Generation:

Edmund Taylor was born on May 12, 1723 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia 4. He died circa April 1808 near Townsville, Granville (now Vance) Co., North Carolina. He is buried in the Machpelah Cemetery, near Townsville, Vance Co., North Carolina.

Father: John Taylor
Mother: Catherine Pendleton

In about 1750 (some records indicate the date of March 2, 1743) he was married to Anne Lewis, the daughter of Col. John Lewis, probably in Orange County, Virginia. They first settled in Orange County, Virginia, and by 1759, they had to moved to the part of Lunenburg County, Virginia that became Mecklenburg County in 1765. Edmund and Anne had eight children: Lewis, Richard, Howell, John, Mary (see next generation), Edmund, Elizabeth, and Frances. While living in Mecklenburg County, Edmund served as a vestryman for the Cumberland Parish. He also served as a member for the Virginia House of Burgesses for Mecklenburg County from 1765 - 1768.

Edmund apparently owned land in both Mecklenburg County, Virginia and neighboring Granville County, North Carolina. He moved with his family there permanently by the late 1780's. Edmund and his family lived on the estate called McPelah in the part of Granville County, North Carolina that became Vance County in 1881. Edmund died at his home before April 1808. His widow died in 1811.

Edmund married Anne Lewis circa 1750 in Virginia 4 or on March 2, 1742/3 in Rapidan, Orange Co., Virginia 1. She was born on March 2, 1732/3 in The Byrd, Goochland Co., Virginia 4. She died in September 1811 near Townsville, Granville (now Vance) Co., North Carolina. She is buried in the Machpelah Cemetery, near Townsville, Vance Co., North Carolina.
Anne was the daughter of Charles Lewis and Mary Howell, a wealthy couple related to many prominent Virginians by marriage. Through her father, Anne has direct and proven descent from King Edward III of England. Anne was the second cousin of George Washington, first cousin once removed to Meriwether Lewis, second cousin of Robert Porteus (g-g-g-g-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II of England), and third cousin, twice removed of General Robert E. Lee. Her husband was a cousin of James Madison and Zachary Taylor, United States Presidents. Some relatives on her father's side were also related indirectly to Thomas Jefferson.
They had the following children:
1 Lewis Taylor was born on August 17, 1751 in Virginia 4. He died on January 4, 1820 4.
He married Jane Byne on September 12, 1771 4. (She was born on January 9, 1754 4 and died on October 5, 1823.)
They had the following children:
Sarah Taylor (1772-???)
Charles Taylor (1774-???)
Edmund Taylor (1776-???)
Anne Taylor (1779-???)
Lucy Taylor (1781-???)
Lewis Taylor (1784-1870)
md. Margaret Cary
Elizabeth Taylor (1786-???)
Nathaniel Taylor (1789-???)
Fletcher Taylor (1791-???)
Richard Byne Taylor (1796-???)
2 Richard Taylor was born on January 17, 1753 in Virginia 4. He died after 1826 4.
He married Lucy Byne on February 7, 1775 in Granville Co., North Carolina 3,4,5.
They had the following children:
Jane Taylor (1779-1859)
md. Benjamin Person Thorp
Robert Taylor
md. 1st. Susan Pelman
md. 2nd. Mildred Lewis Kennon
3 Howell Taylor was born on October 16, 1754 in Caroline Co., Virginia 4. He died on May 30, 1845 in Brownsville, Haywood Co., Tennessee 4. He is buried in the Tabernacle Cemetery, Haywood Co., Tennessee.
He married Susannah Young on December 30, 1778 in Mecklenburg Co., Virginia. (She was born on April 6, 1762 4.)
They had the following children:
Samuel Allen Taylor (-1835)
md. Kate Bullock
Edmund Taylor
md. Elizabeth Pettus Venable
John Young Taylor
Howell Taylor
md. Mary Pettus Venable
Richard Taylor
md. Nancy Alexander
Judith Taylor
md. Archibald Green
Anne Lewis Taylor
4 John Taylor was born on December 4, 1756 in Virginia 4. He died after 1832 4.
5 Mary Taylor
6 Edmund Taylor was born on July 3, 1763 in Lunenburg (now Mecklenburg) Co., Virginia 4. He died in 1826 1.
He married Patsy Lewis on April 21, 1790 4.

He married Mary Robards on September 20, 1798 in Granville Co., North Carolina 3.

7 James Taylor was born on July 3, 1763 in Lunenburg (now Mecklenburg) Co., Virginia 4.
He married Elizabeth Roberds on October 15, 1797 in Granville Co., North Carolina 5.
8 Elizabeth Taylor was born on January 27, 1769 in Mecklenburg Co., Virginia 1. She died on December 6, 1856 in Smith Co., Tennessee 1.
She married Josiah Rucks on August 14, 1788 in Granville Co., North Carolina 3.
They had the following known children:
Mary Rucks (1798-1828)
md. Elijah Toney
James Rucks (-1860)
md. Louisa V. Brown
9 Frances Taylor was born on July 24, 1771 in Mecklenburg Co., Virginia 4. She died in 1815 1.
She married Nathaniel Taylor Moore on January 15, 1789 4.

4th Generation:

Mary Taylor was born on December 3, 1760 in Lunenburg (now Mecklenburg) County, Virginia 4. She died on November 21, 1847 in Montgomery Co., Tennessee 2. She is buried in the Jordan/Grace Shelby Cemetery, Montgomery Co., Tennessee.

Father: Edmund Taylor
Mother: Anne Lewis

Mary was probably named after her maternal grandmother Mary Howell Lewis. Mary spent her earliest years in Mecklenburg County, which is in southern Virginia near the border with North Carolina. She was the second cousin of Meriwether Lewis. Also she was second cousin once removed to Zachary Taylor, James Madison and George Washington, all presidents of the United States of America. She was also a fourth cousin once removed to General Robert E. Lee and some cousins on her mother's side were ancestors of Queen Elizabeth II of England.

Apparently, Mary's father owned land in both Mecklenburg County, Virginia and Granville County, North Carolina and at some time (perhaps during the 1770s) the Taylor family moved permanently to Granville County, North Carolina and lived near Townsville. They probably lived on the McPelah estate in the part of Granville County that became Vance County in 1881. Mary spent the remainder of her adolescence in North Carolina and it was there that she was betrothed to a talented young doctor of Scottish descent. Mary Taylor and Dr. John Brodie were married on February 3, 1779 in Granville County, North Carolina. After the marriage, Mary and John Brodie settled in Granville County apparently near the city of Oxford, where John practiced as a physician and they were slave owners. They had 11 known children. They remained in Granville County for many years. In about 1814, Mary and most of her family moved out west and settled near the city of Clarksville, in Montgomery County, Tennessee.

Mary resided in Montgomery County for the remainder of her life. After her husband's death in 1830, Mary lived with her youngest son James Brodie and his family in Montgomery County. She died there on November 21, 1847, at the age of 86. Mary was apparently well-loved. Her obituary explains that she was especially loved by her domestics [slaves], who showed great sorrow at her funeral.

Mary married John Brodie on February 3, 1779 in Granville Co., North Carolina 3.
For information on their children, see his page.

Sources:

1. Online gedcom family files
2. Obituary of Mary Brodie, Nashville Christian Advocate, February 11, 1848
3. North Carolina Marriages to 1825, Ancestry.com
4. Sorley, Merrow E. Lewis of Warner Hall: The History of a Family. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1935.
5. Marriages of Granville County, North Carolina, 1783-1858.