If you decide to take any photos or information from this website, please include my name (Ryan Wadleigh) and url address as a citation. Thank you.

© Copyright 2020 Ryan Wadleigh

Martin Surname

This Martin family is English in origin. No concrete proof of their connection to the Old World exists, but some theories indicate that they may have come from the English county of Dorset. The same theory indicates that the surname Martin derives from the family's common ancestor: Martin of Tours.

Most of the information on this web page in the first several generations is attributed to the research of Seely Foley. Seely is a historian living in Maryland who has written a well-documented history of the first three generations of the Martin family. Her 20 page history is available by contacting her at

1st Generation:

John Martin was born circa 1631 in England, possibly in Parke Pale in Dorsetshire, England. He died before February 1675/6 in Barbados 17.

John may have been a Catholic and probably moved to the colony of Maryland in the 1640's or the 1650's with his older brother Thomas Martin. (The theory also indicates that they were the sons of Thomas Martin and Elizabeth Maunsell (or Jane Dickson) of Dorsetshire, England.) In Maryland, John was a farmer and also a successful merchant. John was married to at least three different women: Barbara, Ann, and Mary. He had 4 known children: John, Mary, Hannah, and Elizabeth.

John owned land in Baltimore County, but probably never lived there. He and his family lived primarily in Talbot County, Maryland. In the 1660's and 1670's John may have traveled to England on several occasions to trade tobacco. He may have taken his family with him in 1674 or 1675. For some reason, John and his family ended up in the Caribbean island of Barbados where John died before February 1675/6. His family afterwards returned to Maryland.

John married first to Barbara in about 1660. She died circa 1668.

They had at least one child:

1 John Martin
2 Mary Martin
3 Elizabeth Martin
4 Hannah Martin was born circa 1668.
(Note: we don't know from which mother his daughters descended, for convenience they are all listed under first wife Barbara.)
John married second Ann in about 1668 in Maryland

John married third Mary in about 1673 in Maryland. She died after 1682 in Calvert Co., Maryland.

2nd Generation:

John Martin Jr. was born on November 15, 1662 in Kent Co., Maryland 17. He died in 1718 in Baltimore, Maryland 17.

Father: John Martin
Mother: Barbara

John Martin spent his earliest years in Kent and Talbot Counties, Maryland, where his parents lived. In the 1670's John apparently went with his family to Barbados, where his father died in 1675. After his father's death, his family returned to Maryland. John's stepmother Mary remarried and moved to Calvert County, Maryland. Instead of living with his stepmother, John went to go live with his uncle Thomas Martin who lived in Talbot County, Maryland.

John was a farmer and a boatwright. He lived in Talbot County until 1684, when he apparently sold his land and moved to Anne Arundel County. While living there in the mid-1680's he was married to a woman named Damaris Hooker. In the mid to late 1680's, they moved to Charles County, Maryland where they lived at what was then called Wiccocomico. In 1698 or 1699, John apparently moved with his family to Baltimore County, Maryland. Together John and Damaris had 3 known children: Benjamin, Penelope, and John (see next generation). Sometime during the 1690's or early 1700's, John's wife Damaris died and John remarried to Eleanor Todd before 1710. John lived the remainder of his life at what is now Baltimore, Maryland. He wrote his will on April 21, 1718 and died before May 7, 1718.

John married first to Damaris Hooker in about 1687 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. She was born on January 29, 1666/7 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. She died circa 1698 in Charles Co., Maryland.
She was the daughter of Thomas and Joane Hooker of Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.
They had 3 known children:
1 Benjamin Martin was born circa 1688 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. He died about 1727 in Baltimore Co., Maryland 17.
2 Penelope Martin was born on November 13, 1690 in Charles Co., Maryland 17. She married John Buck.Seely Foley at is a researcher/descendant of this line.
3 John Martin
John married second to Eleanor Todd about 1704 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. She was born circa 1676 and died after 1744 in Baltimore Co., Maryland.

3rd Generation:

John Martin was born on December 7, 1693 in Charles County, Maryland 17. He died after 1759 in Maryland or North Carolina.

Father: John Martin
Mother: Damaris Hooker

In about 1698 or 1699, John moved with his family to Baltimore County, Maryland, where they remained. It was also probably at about the same time that John's mother Damaris died and his father remarried to Eleanor Todd, who became his stepmother. Probably in the early 1710's John left his family to try his own luck as a farmer. It is probable that he first settled in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. John lived in a part of Anne Arundel County, Maryland that became Howard County in the 1800's. In about 1721 or 1722, John married to a woman named Lydia (probably Lydia Hanks born in 1704). They lived in Anne Arundel County and had five children: Joshua, John, Eunice, Mary, and William. Sadly in about 1732 John's wife Lydia died and John remarried in about 1733 to a widow named Ann Dorsey (probably Hannah/Ann Crouch born in 1706) who had 5 children from a previous marriage.

John and Ann had a total of eight children together: Benjamin, Tabitha, Joshua, Demaris, Zadock (see next generation), Appiah, Asa, and Asenith. They lived in Anne Arundel County for only a few more years before deciding to move to what was then the frontier of the colony of Maryland. Probably in the mid to late 1730's, John and his family moved to Prince George's County, Maryland in a part that would become Frederick County in 1749. They settled on a farm near what would eventually become the town of Walkersville. John and his family were living here at least until the 1750's, where John served as a road surveyor and also as a constable. John's farm was apparently sold in the year 1759 and any details of his life after this date are unknown. Considering the fact that so many of his children moved to North Carolina by the 1770's and possibly as early as the 1760's, John may have done the same. There is no record of his death or administration in Frederick County, Maryland. My belief is that John and Ann Martin moved with several of their children to Rowan County, North Carolina in the 1760's where they would have both died soon after.

John married first to Lydia circa 1722 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland. She was born circa 1704 and died circa 1732 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland.

They had the following children:

1 Joshua Martin was born on September 21, 1723 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. He died young.
2 John Martin was born on October 2, 1725 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. He died in Loudon Co., Virginia. He married Louisa.
3 Eunice Martin was born on February 10, 1726/7 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17.
4 Mary Martin was born on February 17, 1728/9 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17.
5 William Martin was born on August 2, 1732 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. He probably died in Botetourt Co., Virginia.
John married second to Ann, widow of Charles Dorsey, in about 1733 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. She was born circa 1706 in Maryland and died after 1751.
There is an unverified possibility that she may have been the same person as Hannah Crouch born in 1706 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland who was the daughter of William Crouch and Susannah Rockhold.
They had the following children:
1 Benjamin Martin was born on June 6, 1734 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. He died after 1778. He married Elizabeth.
2 Tabitha Martin was born in about 1736 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. She died in North Carolina.
3 Joshua Martin was born in about 1738 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 17. He died in January 1803 in Green Co., Georgia 17. He married Mary.Steve Martin at is a researcher/descendant of this line.
4 Demarius Martin was born on April 10, 1740 in Prince George's (now Frederick) Co., Maryland 17.
5 Zadock Martin
6 Appiah Martin was born on February 6, 1744/5 in Prince George's (now Frederick) Co., Maryland 17.
7 Asa Martin was born on September 20, 1749 in Frederick Co., Maryland 17. He died in 1807 in Rowan Co., North Carolina. He married Elizabeth.
8 Asenith Martin was born on September 13, 1751 in Frederick Co., Maryland 17. She died after 1807. She married John Jacks.

4th Generation:

Zadock Martin was born on November 18, 1742 in Prince George's (now Frederick) County, Maryland 17. He died after 1821, probably in Missouri.

Father: John Martin
Mother: Ann

Zadock was born and raised in Frederick County, Maryland. Sometime during the 1760s or 1770s, he moved to North Carolina with several of his family members. They settled in Rowan County, North Carolina (probably in the part that became Davie County in 1836). While there, Zadock was documented as being a member of the Dutchman's Creek Baptist Church in Mocksville between 1774 and 1778. Zadock continued to live in Rowan County and was documented as living there in 1778, 1780 and 1782. He was probably still living there until 1786 when his name appeared on a court summons from that county. It was probably while living there in the 1770s that Zadock was married, but unfortunately his wife's name or any record of her existence is lost.

During the American Revolution Zadock was apparently a "loyalist" to the English Crown, as he has been listed as a "tory" on multiple lists. In 1786, Zadock moved with his family to nearby Wilkes County, North Carolina. There, the family lived on land off of Hunting Creek (east of what is now Wilkesboro).

In 1798, Zadock sold some land in Wilkes County. It was sometime soon after this that several of his children moved to Kentucky. Zadock may have briefly lived in Kentucky with his family, but apparently returned to North Carolina where he was enumerated in Wilkes County in 1810. Then in about 1815, Zadock moved to Knox County, Kentucky, perhaps to take charge of his sons' land interests there when they planned to move on to Missouri. Zadock was on tax lists in Knox County between 1816 and 1819. In 1817, Zadock appointed his son Isaac as his power of attorney regarding interest in 640 acres of land. After 1819, Zadock disappears from records in Kentucky. He may have been the Zadock Martin enumerated in 1820 in Wilkes County, North Carolina. Or, he might have gone to Missouri to love with his sons. In 1821, he was in a tax list in Ray County, Missouri along with his sons. He probably died there during the 1820s.

Zadock married name unknown probably in the 1770's in North Carolina.

Unfortunately, nothing about her is known. She probably died before 1798, when her husband transferred land and her name was not listed on the deed. Some online family trees provide her name as "Ann", yet that identification is uncited and they were likely confusing her with Zadock's mother.

They had 4 known children:
1 Isaac Martin was born circa 1779, probably in North Carolina. He died before July 13, 1841 in Buchanan Co., Missouri.
He married Esther Wilkeson on November 20, 1797 in Rowan Co., North Carolina. (She was born circa 1780 and died between 1810-1830 in Kentucky or Missouri.)
They had the following children:
Zaddock Martin (c. 1798-1843)
md. Sarah McElwee
Cynthia Martin (1800-1878)
md. Thomas Jacks
Thomas Martin (c. 1800-1850's)
md. Lydia Hendrix
Rutha Martin (1802-1893)
md. Jacob Riffe
Louisiana Martin (c. 1805-1842)
md. Elisha Harrington
John Martin (1807-1865)
md. 1st. Sarah Harrington
md. 2nd. Ginett Burriss
md. 3rd. Lydia Humphreys
Hugh Martin (c. 1809-1835)
md. 1st. Elizabeth T. Bright
md. 2nd. Hester Ann Brewer
No proof of Isaac's wife name, the marriage listed above is simply most likely. Also, some newer gedcoms of this line record her name as "Martha Wilkerson." Isaac was Coroner for Knox Co., Kentucky from 1807 until 1815. In 1810 and again in 1814, he was a captain of the Knox County Militia. In 1804, he helped form the Cumberland River Baptist Church in Knox County. Isaac moved to Ray Co., Missouri in 1816. He settled on the Crooked River (in Crooked River Township) near what is now Buffalo City. Isaac served as an early justice of Ray County, was a Road Overseer, and he also operated a mill and a ferry near his home at Crooked River. Sometime between 1830 and 1840, he moved to Buchanan County, Missouri (probably after 1837 when the "Platte Purchase" was opened for settlement). He was living there in 1840. He died before July 13, 1841, when accounts were brought in probate court regarding his estate.
2 Cynthia Martin
Several online family trees have indicated that Cynthia (or a sister named Phebe) were married to Ro(w)land Brown. The only published source I can find relative to this connection is from the Annals of Platte County, Missouri which says that Zadock Martin's wife [Susannah Brown] was a sister of Roland Brown. Somewhere along the line someone may have taken this to mean that Zadock Martin's sister was married to Roland Brown. Roland Brown was married to Phebe Grisson in 1810 and remained married to her until his death. Of course, he may have been married to Cynthia Martin before this, resulting in her early death.

Although it is questionable that Cynthia married Roland Brown, the existence of a daughter of this name does have more of a likelihood because she also had a niece named Cynthia Martin (daughter of Isaac). Of course, Isaac's daughter Cynthia may have brought about the confusion that he also had a sister of the same name. More research is needed.

3 Joseph Martin was born circa 1787 in North Carolina 11. He died before August 9, 1852 in Platte Co., Missouri.
He married Nancy Brown on September 8, 1810 in Garrard Co., Kentucky 8. (She was born circa 1790 in Virginia or Kentucky and died sometime between 1837 and 1840 in Platte Co., Missouri.)
They had the following children:
Brightberry Martin (1811-1890)
md. Elizabeth Willis
Greenberry T. Martin (c. 1813-1858)
md. Elizabeth Bones
Sarah Martin (c. 1816-1884)
md. 1st. Jonas Sutton
md. 2nd. Thomas Harrington
Elsberry Martin (1820-1847)
md. America Brown
Franklin Martin (c. 1824-1882)
md. Anna May Burnett
Malinda Martin (c. 1826-bef. 1852)
md. H. C. C. Gray
Rhoda Green Martin (1827-1861)
md. 1st. Jahue Holland
md. 2nd. Franklin Young Flannery
Elizabeth Ann Martin (1829-1887)
md. Alvin A. Ross
Isaac Martin (c. 1833-aft. 1880)
md. Jane
Amanda Martin (c. 1835-???)
Stephen Maritn (c. 1840-???)
He married second Martha Senewell on May 19, 1841 in Clay Co., Missouri. (She was born circa 1799 in Kentucky.)
4 Zadock Martin

5th Generation:

Zadock Martin Jr. was born on February 12, 1789 14, possibly in Wilkes County, North Carolina . He died on October 10, 1849 in Lafayette, Yamhill Co., Oregon 14. He is buried in the McMinnville Masonic Cemetery, McMinnville, Yamhill Co., Oregon.

Father: Zadock Martin
Mother: Unknown

There is no proof that Zadock (born 1789) was the son of Zadock Martin (born in 1742), but the circumstantial evidence makes the connection likely. Strangely though, neither of them were referred to as "Sr" or "Jr" in any known records. The elder Zadock probably died between 1802 and 1810, either before or shortly after his son had attained his legal majority. Since they were probably not "active" public adults at the same time, there would have been no need to differentiate between the two. Later though, the younger Zadock (born in 1789) was referred to as Sr, to differentiate him from his nephew Zadock Martin (born circa 1798).

Zadock spend his earliest years in North Carolina and in his youth he moved with his family to Knox County, Kentucky. On August 13, 1807, in Knox County, Zadock was married to Susannah Brown. Zadock and Susannah lived in Knox County for several years and in 1814, Zadock built the first jail in that county. While living in Kentucky, Zadock also served in the county militia and was also licensed as a tavern keeper.

In about 1816, Zadock moved with his family out west to Missouri. There, they settled in what is now Clay County, Missouri, probably in Gallatin Township. [From 1815 to 1816, this was part of St. Charles County; then from 1816 to 1820, this was part of Howard County; then from 1820 to 1822, this was part of Ray County.] Zadock served as Ray County Assessor in 1821 and 1822. From 1825 to 1827, Zadock served as a judge for the Clay County Court. In 1827 or 1828, they moved to what is now Platte County, Missouri, but at the time was in a frontier area outside of Missouri. There, they lived at the falls of the Platte River, near what is now Platte City. Zadock operated ferries over the Platte and Missouri Rivers, and also operated a tavern out of his home. It is said that his family were the only settlers allowed to remain in the area, and their nearest (white) neighbor was 15 miles away. In 1836, the 'Platte Purchase' opened up the area for settlement and there was a steady influx of settlers. Soon, a town sprang up near their home, which was aptly named Martinsville. From 1837 to 1838, Zadock served as postmaster for Martinsville. Soon though, the city was "moved" and in 1839 was renamed Platte City, although Zadock is still credited as being the city's founder. (There apparently was a "Zed Martin Days" annual festival and there is a Zed Martin Street in the city.

In 1844, Zadock's son William returned from an expedition to Oregon and California and began inspiring his family to move out west. In 1845, Zadock's children Hardin and Elizabeth made the trip over the Oregon Trail. Then in the spring of 1846, Zadock and his family left on the Oregon Trail, bound for the Oregon Territory. They arrived in northern Oregon in September 1846 and settled in what is now Yamhill County, Oregon. Zadock apparently first settled on the South Yamhill River, probably just south of what is now McMinnville, Oregon. Then in 1848, he and his wife apparently settled on a 640-acre claim farther west, between what is now McMinnville and Sheridan. Then in 1849, he became ill and went to live with his son Franklin (who probably lived in or near Lafayette, a nearby town), where Zadock died on October 10, 1849. According to one record, the following was said of Zaddock: "Tall and brawny, he weighed about 275 pounds. He wore a broad-rimmed hat and carried a hickory cane. His eyes flashed lightning, and his mouth reverberated thunder. He demanded instantaneous obedience of friend or foe. Yet he was just and charitable, and loved by his family and his servants."

Zaddock married Susannah Brown on August 13, 1807 in Knox Co., Kentucky 15.
They had the following children:
1 Green Taylor Martin was born circa 1808 in Knox Co., Kentucky 11. He died on September 22, 1878 in Stockton, San Joaquin Co., California.
He married first Margaret S. Logan on April 20, 1835 in Claiborne Co., Mississippi. (She was born on February 24, 1816 in Madison County, Kentucky and died on September 26, 1843 in Rodney, Jefferson Co., Mississippi. She is buried at Beechlands Plantation, Claiborne Co., Mississippi).
They apparently had one daughter, born between 1835 and 1840, who probably died during the 1840s or at least before 1853.
He married third Anna Maria Harrison on August 8, 1844 in Boyle Co., Kentucky. (She was born on October 25, 1814 and died on April 27, 1849. She is buried in the Oakland College Cemetery, Claiborne Co., Mississippi.)
They had no known children.
He married third Cornelia Smith Beazley, widow of David Nelson Hunt, sometime between 1860 and 1862 in California. (She was born on November 24, 1839 in Tennessee and died on March 3, 1883 in Sacramento, Sacramento Co., California. She is buried in the City Cemetery, Sacramento, Sacramento Co., California.) They divorced on July 19, 1877 in San Joaquin Co., California.
They had the following children:
Katherine "Kate" Louise Martin (1862-1938)
md. Edward Wells Ballantine
Alexander Gamble Martin (1864-1932)
md. 1st Emma J. Young
md. 2nd Hettie Benton Grimsley, ex-wife of Charles Leon Aydelotte
Bessie P. Martin (1872-1930)
md. Louis Hans Peterson

Green Martin was a lawyer. Only two known sources provide information on him in connection to his birth family. The Annals of Platte County just provides his name and indicates that he was a "lawyer of Missouri." Also, the estate papers of his father indicate that in 1853 he was alive, and a resident of Louisiana. (Since he was actually living in California at that time, it may be an indication that the family had lost touch with each other.) Until recently, he has been confused with his cousin Green T. Martin (son of Joseph) who married Elizabeth Bones and lived and died in Platte County, Missouri. In actuality, these were different people who happened to have the same name. The above three marriages are conjectures and it has not been definitively proven that all women were married to the same man.

As a young man, Green apparently moved to western Mississippi. There he married Margaret Logan in 1835 in Claiborne County. In 1840, they were living in neighboring Jefferson County, Mississippi, next to his brother Gill Martin. It was there that Margaret died from a yellow fever epidemic in 1843. After this, he apparently traveled to Kentucky where he married Anna Harrison in 1844 in Boyle County. They returned to Mississippi, where Anna died in 1849 of unknown causes. During this time period, Green also owned land on the other side of the Mississippi River in Louisiana. After his second wife's death, he decided to go west to California for the gold rush. Later records suggest that Green abandoned whatever land that he owned in Louisiana or Mississippi.

He probably made the trip west to California in 1850. In 1850 he was living in Big Oak Flat, California, working as a miner. Eventually, he started working as a lawyer in California and was eventually created County Judge for Tuolumne County. In 1860, he was living in Sonora, California. Sometime between 1863 and 1865, Green moved with his third wife and family to Stockton, California, where he remained. There, Green worked as a lawyer and Justice of the Peace until his death.

2 Hardin Davis Martin was born circa 1810 in Knox Co., Kentucky 11. He died after 1866, perhaps in California, Oregon or Texas?
He married Evalina Searcy on November 1, 1838 in Clay (now Platte) Co., Missouri 7. (She was born on December 13, 1809 in Woodford Co., Kentucky 8 and died after 1866.)
They had one known child:
William Thomas Martin (c. 1850-aft. 1860)
Hardin and his wife to moved to Oregon in 1845, with Hardin serving as Lieutenant of their wagon train company. They settled in Yamhill County, Oregon. They probably lived in the town of Lafayette, Oregon. In 1850, Hardin was enumerated as a merchant. In 1851, he served as first postmaster for Lafayette, Oregon. He was in Yamhill County as late as 1856. In 1856, he sold most of his land in Yamhill County and moved elsewhere. In 1860, he and his family were living in Tuolumne County, California where his brother Green also lived. Hardin's occupation at the time was listed as "miner." In April 1860, there is a reference that Green Martin had deeded some land or portion of the Alice and Emily Quartz Claim in Tuolumne County to "Harden and Martin" (which may have been a typo for "Hardin D. Martin"). Then in 1866, Hardin and Evalina sold land in Yamhill County, Oregon. In the deed, they were listed as residents of Washington County, Oregon. No further record has been located of any of the family. One source indicates they moved to Texas.
3 Franklin B. Martin was born on December 17, 1811 in Knox Co., Kentucky 14. He died on July 11, 1860 in Lafayette, Yamhill Co., Oregon 14. He is buried in the McMinnville Masonic Cemetery, McMinnville, Yamhill Co., Oregon.
He married Lucretia Gordon on January 11, 1844 in Platte City, Platte Co., Missouri 7. (She was born on September 23, 1827 in Kentucky 14 and died on February 4, 1892 in McMinnville, Yamhill Co., Oregon 14. She is buried in the McMinnville Masonic Cemetery, McMinnville, Yamhill Co., Oregon. She is buried in the McMinnville Masonic Cemetery, McMinnville, Yamhill Co., Oregon.
They had the following children:
David A. Martin (1847-1849)
Zaddock Martin (1849-1850)
Addison Martin (1851-1852)
It appears that Franklin always used the name "Frank" or initials "F.B." to differentiate him from his cousin Franklin Martin, who also settled in Yamhill County. Franklin B. Martin moved with his family to Yamhill County, Oregon in 1846; where he remained until his death. Apparently, Franklin raised his orphaned nephew William F. Martin. In 1861, his widow Lucretia married John W. Cowls. By this marriage, she had one daughter that died in infancy. Lucretia was the last representative of the family in Yamhill County until her death in 1892.
4 Gill Earl Martin was born circa 1813 in Knox Co., Kentucky. He died on September 8, 1843 in St. Louis, St. Louis Co., Missouri.
He married first Tabithia Thorpe on July 21, 1834 in Clay (now Platte) Co., Missouri 7. (She was born circa 1812 in Madison Co., Kentucky 8. They divorced in about December 1838 in Jefferson Co., Mississippi.)
They had one child:
William Franklin Martin (1836-1858)
He married second Eliza V. Williamson in April 1840 in Jefferson Co., Mississippi.
They had no known children.
Gill's birth is usually placed about 1816-1817, and between his siblings William and Millicent. My guess though is that he was older than this. He was the first of the Martin children to be married. Sometime between 1834 and 1838, he moved to Rodney, Mississippi to live near his brother Green. There they practiced law together as lawyers. Gill also served as editor for a newspaper and was acknowledged as a popular orator/public speaker.
5 William Jennings Martin
6 Millicent "Milly" G. Martin was born on October 28, 1820 in Clay Co., Missouri 19. She died on August 17, 1869 in Matfield Green, Chase Co., Kansas 19. She is buried in the Matfield Green Cemetery, Matfield Green, Chase Co., Kansas.
She married Elisha Harrington on January 1, 1843 in Platte Co., Missouri 7. (He was born on February 6, 1802 in Kentucky 8 and died on February 9, 1853 in Platte Co., Missouri 8.)
They had three children:
David A. Harrington (1845-1891)
md. Sarah Jane Lammon
Malissa Emeline Harrington (1847-1929)
md. 1st. James E. Perkins
md. 2nd. Alfred Greason Meyers
Nancy Harrington (c. 1849-aft. 1850)
Millicent also helped to raise seven stepchildren, progeny of her husband and his first marriage to her first cousin, Louisiana Martin. Millicent has not been found in the 1860 census, but she is supposed to have remained in Platte County until 1866, when she apparently moved with her daughter to Chase County, Kansas.
Patti Bates at is a researcher/descendant of this line.
7 James B. Martin was born circa 1822 in Clay Co., Missouri 11. He died on February 6, 1855 in Kansas 8.
He married first Malvina Ramey on October 30, 1844 in Platte Co., Missouri 7. (She was born circa 1826 and died on September 2, 1848 in Platte Co., Missouri.)
They had no children.
He married second Flora Ann Jack on October 31, 1850 in Platte Co., Missouri 7. (She was born on April 8, 1831 in Lafayette Co., Missouri and died after 1880 in Texas.)
They had two children:
Davidella Martin (1851-1868)
Cubbie P. Martin (1854-1858)

James remained in Missouri when his parents and most of his relatives moved to Oregon in 1846. Between 1849 and 1852, James was a judge of the Platte County Court. James mostly worked by operating water mills in Platte City. In 1853, he moved to Kansas where he became a farmer. Apparently he was found dead in his shanty one night after "a night's debauch". His widow and children moved back to Missouri. After James' death, his widow Flora married George R. Hines and moved to Texas.

8 Josephine J. Martin was born on April 16, 1822 in Clay Co., Missouri 8. She died on February 14, 1843 in Platte City, Platte Co., Missouri 8.
She married first Samuel Winter on March 25, 1838 in Clay Co., Missouri 7. They divorced sometime between 1838-1840.
They had no children.
She married second John Riley Owen on June 18, 1840 in Platte Co., Missouri 7. (He was born circa 1806 in Bumcombe Co., North Carolina and died on July 6, 1847 during the Mexican-American War at Senegal Creek, New Mexico.)
They had two children:
John Owen (1842-1843)
Susannah Owen (c. 1843-aft. 1853) (She apparently died "upon verging womanhood.")
9 Elizabeth Jane Martin was born circa 1825 in Clay Co., Missouri 11. She died on August 20, 1867 in Boise, Ada Co., Idaho 20.
She married first Henry Montgomery Knighton on April 23, 1841 in Platte City, Platte Co., Missouri 7. (He was born in 1818 in Morris Co., New Jersey and died on June 17, 1863 in The Dalles, Wasco Co., Oregon. He is buried in the Old City Cemetery, Vancouver, Clark Co., Washington.)
They had the following children:
Josephine Susan Knighton (1842-1869)
Lascelle Florence Knighton (1844-1903)
md. Henry Gordon Struve
Sagarlin Columbia Knighton (1847-1930)
md. Bertha Adeline Henrici
infant male Knighton (1851-1851)
Anna Blandine Knighton (1858-1926)
md. William A. Harrington
Mary Emma Knighton (1858-1945)
md. Gilmore Hays Parker
Alonzo Witherell Knighton (1861-1923)
md. Almina "Minnie" Weisedepp
She married second Charles Henry Wilkinson on January 10, 1865 (or 1866) * in Vancouver, Clark Co., Washington 20.
* The matrimonial notice indicated that the marriage took place on January 10, 1865, yet since the article was published on January 13, 1866, it's likely the 1865 was a typo.
They had no children.
The Knightons traversed the Oregon Trail in 1845 in the same wagon train with Elizabeth's brother Hardin and his family. The Knightons first settled at Oregon City, Oregon, where Henry operated a hotel, a tavern and a ferry over the river. Then in 1847 they moved to what is now St. Helens, Oregon. Henry is widely credited with founding the city of St. Helens, which was established in 1848. Their house, built in 1851, is still standing to this day (The Knighton House). Eventually, the family moved on to Vancouver, Washington. After her second marriage, Elizabeth apparently moved to Boise, Idaho, where she died. Her children afterwards returned to Vancouver, Washington.

6th Generation:

William Jennings Martin was born on February 2, 1814 6 or February 2, 1815 5 in Knox County, Kentucky. He died on April 26, 1901 in Glendale, Douglas Co., Oregon 6,28. He is buried in the Glendale Memorial Cemetery, Glendale, Douglas Co., Oregon.

Father: Zadock Martin
Mother: Susannah Brown

In about 1816, he moved with his family to what is now Clay County, Missouri. In about 1827, they moved again to what is now Platte County, Missouri. In 1837, William enlisted in the military during the Seminole Indian War. He served for a short time in Florida until he was wounded in December 1837 and was discharged in May 1838. William returned to Missouri, where he married Harriet Crobarger in 1839. It is not known what William did to support his family within the first few years of marriage. In 1840, he and his wife were apparently enumerated in his parents' household. In 1843, William left on an expedition wagon train to explore Oregon and California. During their expedition, the train captain resigned and the train split in two; leaving William as captain of the smaller group. William was gone on the expedition for an entire year and after visiting several places in Oregon in California, he returned to his wife and child in the summer of 1844. William quickly decided that he wanted to move his family to Oregon permanently.

In the spring of 1846, William and his family (wife, three daughters, parents, mother-in-law, brother, sister-in-law, and a cousin) left Missouri on the Oregon Trail. They arrived in northern Oregon in September 1846 after a 6-month journey. They settled in Yamhill County, Oregon. There, William moved with his family to the newly platted town of Lafayette. With his partner Daniel Barnes, William opened a general store called "Cheap Store" in the town of Lafayette. During this time period, William also served as an elected Representative of the Provisional Legislature of Oregon, before it was recognized as a territory (1848-1850). Afterwards, he served one term on the Territorial Legislature as a Representative for Yamhill County (1850-1851). During the Cayuse Indian War of 1847-1848, he served as Captain of the Yamhill County troops. In Yamhill County, William owned one lot in the town of Lafayette (which is today at the northeast corner of 2nd Street and Adams Street in Lafayette - the current site of a parking lot for a convenience store.)

In 1851, William moved with his family to southern Oregon, settling a 640-acre donation land claim near the town of Winchester, in Douglas County, Oregon. In 1851, William was also operating a ferry over the North Umpqua River (a vocation he had known since childhood). He and Daniel Barnes also reopened the "Cheap Store" in the town of Winchester. After the Table Rock incident in 1853, he served the government as "Indian Service Agent", with the goal of keeping peace between local tribes and white settlers. He served in that role from 1853 to 1855, when tensions escalated into war. During the Rogue River Indian War (1855-1856), he served in the Oregon Mounted Volunteers and was a leader in the war effort. He was first elected as a Major, but then quickly elevated to Lieutenant Colonel. He was called Colonel Martin for the duration of his life. In 1856, he was appointed to the position of Receiver of the Land Office at Winchester. In 1859 the land office was moved from Winchester to Roseburg, and in that year he moved with his family to Roseburg, Douglas County, Oregon.

William was a militantly political and opinionated man. He was an ardent Democrat (pro-South, pro-slavery), which as a party fell from favor in Oregon. (Click here to read 25 letters written between 1855 and 1871 from William to his close friend and political ally, General (also Senator and Governor) Joseph Lane.) In 1861, William was not reappointed as Land Receiver and in that year moved with his family to the rural location of Myrtle Creek, in Douglas County, where he briefly operated a mill. His pursuits there were apparently not successful. In about 1863, he moved with his family to Galesville, in Douglas County, Oregon.

William and his family lived on their farm at Galesville for over 20 years. In 1867, William was operating a hotel there. The family lived on an estate of about 320 acres (adjoining homesteads of William and his mother-in-law Catherine Crobarger). There, the family lived in a farmhouse on the northeast corner of Catherine's homestead (at what is now 1517 Azalea-Glen Road). This location is today near the town of Azalea, Oregon. In 1874, the family sold the majority of Catherine's homestead. In 1878, William transferred 160 of his acres to his son George, who later sold it to his brother Hardin. William and his wife continued to own a 20-acre section of their homestead where their house was located. They were still living there in 1884 when Harriet died from paralysis [stroke?]. Not long after this, William decided to move away. During the mid-1880s, he frequently visited his daughter Josephine in Jacksonville, Oregon and apparently considered moving there. Instead, he had moved to the nearby small city of Glendale, Oregon, sometime between 1885 and 1889.

It was while living in Glendale that William met and married his second wife, a widow named Margaret Trible, in 1891. In 1891, the newly-married couple moved to Jacksonville, Oregon, where they lived for several years. In June 1899, both William's wife and his daughter Josephine died in Jacksonville. In August 1899, he moved back to Glendale, Oregon, where he spent the remainder of his life living with his daughter Fanny Miller.

Note: there are at least two sources which indicate that William was also a veteran of the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. However, that is not corroborated by other records and doesn't seem possible. William arrived in northern Oregon in September 1846, and was documented there almost continuously into 1851. His son was conceived in about February 1847, he participated in the Cayuse Indian War over the winter of 1847-1848, and was elected to the Oregon congress in November 1848. It is possible he could have gone to the war during 1847 or 1848; but not much time to get all the way to Texas and back. However, it is possible that he participated in the war effort in northern California. There is one source (from his daughter) which indicates that William had made two different trips to Sutter's Fort (in Sacramento), California. Since the only trip we know of was in early 1844, it is possible he came back in 1847 or 1848.

William married first to Harriet Catherine Crobarger on July 16 6,27 or August 22 7,25,26, 1839 in Platte City, Platte Co., Missouri.

They had the following children:

1 Catherine "Kate" Susannah Martin was born on December 2, 1841 in Platte City, Platte Co., Missouri 23. She died on June 7, 1916 in Portland, Multnomah Co., Oregon 9,23.
She married Alfred Slocum on October 26, 1858 in Winchester, Douglas Co., Oregon 10,24. (He was born on April 21, 1833 in Easton Twp., Washington Co., New York 24 and died on September 28, 1911 in Portland, Multnomah Co., Oregon 9,24.)
They had the following children:
infant male Slocum (1860-1860)
infant female twins Slocum (1861-1861)
Alfred Kenyon Slocum (1862-1915)
md. Agnes Hutsby
Frederick William Slocum (1865-1924)
Frank Martin Slocum (1867-1940)
md. 1st. Margaret Seamans
md. 2nd. Josephine W. Lorenz
Harriet Nellie Slocum (1869-1925)
md. Herbert Clark Smith
Juliet Mosher Slocum (1872-1937)
md. Alfred A. Closset(t)
George Joseph Luzerne Slocum (1873-1875)
Samuel Cecil Slocum (1876-1936)
md. Virginia DeLano
infant male Slocum (1878-1878)
After their marriage in 1858, Alfred and Kate lived in Winchester and also spent time in nearby Roseburg, Oregon. Then in 1862, they moved to Pioneer City (now the ghost town of Pioneerville), Idaho, where gold had just been discovered. Alfred was elected Treasurer of Boise County, Idaho in 1864, but was arrested in 1865 and tried in 1866 for embezzling public funds. The case was apparently thrown out and they afterwards moved to nearby Idaho City, Idaho. They were in Idaho as late as 1867. In 1868 or 1869 they returned to Oregon, where they lived near Kate's parents at Galesville, Douglas County, Oregon. There, Alfred was working as a school teacher in 1870. Sometime between 1870 and 1873, they moved to California where they lived in South Vallejo in Solano County. Sometime between 1875 and 1876, they returned to Oregon, where they settled in Portland. Then sometime between 1897 and 1899, they moved to Glendale, Douglas County, Oregon (where Kate's father and sister Fanny were living). In 1910 or 1911, they returned to Portland, where they both died.
2 Josephine Lucretia Martin
3 Frances "Fanny" Amelia* Martin was born on June 3, 1845 in Platte City, Platte Co., Missouri 8. She died on December 9, 1923 in Glendale, Douglas Co., Oregon. She is buried in the Glendale Memorial Cemetery, Glendale, Douglas Co.,Oregon.
She married first George Washington Roberts on July 2, 1863 in Canyonville, Douglas Co., Oregon 10. (He was born circa 1844 in Missouri 11 and died circa 1922.) They divorced sometime between 1886-1893.
They had the following children:
Mary Josephine Roberts (c. 1864-1930)
md. 1st Wallace B. Shank(s)
md. 2nd Carl Nelson
md. 3rd Charles Augustus Hathaway
Susan Emma Roberts (1866-1885)
md. William L. Morton
George Washington Roberts (1869-after 1923)
md. Mary E. Tally
Joseph Louis Roberts (1871-1948)
md. 1st Emma Gertrude Obenchain
md. 2nd Gertrude Howard
Jennie Alice Roberts (1873-1881)
Pearl Frank Roberts (1876-1964)
md. Florence Ann Powers
Percival "Percy" Hardin Roberts (1876-1946)
md. 1st Luella Frances Pruitt
md. 2nd Ida E. Clark, widow of Andrew Carpenter and Edward Dompier
William Carll Roberts (1878-1878)
Violet "Daisy" Ruth (Kathryn) Roberts (1879-1965)
md. 1st Frank Taylor Lady
md. 2nd Charles Flint
Genevieve "Jennie" Roberts (1881-1957)
md. 1st. John E. Churchill
md. 2nd. Robert A. Barnes
Alfred Slocum Roberts (1883-1886)
She married second Abraham Miller on November 2, 1893 in Douglas Co., Oregon 10. (He was born in September 1850 in Oregon 11.) They were separated (but not divorced) after 1900.
They had no children.

* Frances' middle name is unknown, and she is only listed on known contemporary records with a middle initial "A." However, her oldest grandchild was named Frances Amelia Shank, presumably after her grandmother.

George was a stage driver and was probably gone from the home frequently. In 1870 they were living near Canyonville, Douglas County, Oregon and in 1880 they were living in Roseburg, Oregon. There is a possibility that sometime during the late 1870s or early 1880s they lived in Jacksonville, Oregon. In 1881 and 1882, they were living in Vancouver, Washington. By 1885, they had returned to Douglas County, Oregon, and settled in the small city of Glendale, where they remained.

Aside from raising her children, Fannie worked as a midwife. For many years she was also was a correspondent for the Roseburg Plaindealer newspaper, in which she wrote under the pen name "Mollie."

Rose McIntosh at is a research/descendant of this line.

Mary Alvarado (Rose's sister) at is a researcher/descendant of this line.

4 Hardin Davis Martin was born on November 29, 1847 in Lafayette, Yamhill Co., Oregon 12. He died on March 17, 1921 in Portland, Multnomah Co., Oregon 12.
He married first Letitia Floyd Overstreet on April 9, 1873 in Douglas Co., Oregon 10. (She was born on April 18, 1856 in Iowa 18 and died on November 13, 1874 in Grants Pass, Josephine Co., Oregon 18.)
They had two children:
Emma May Martin (1873-1873)
Effie Josephine Martin (1874-1874)
He married second Cassie Ione Burch on October 3, 1877 in Josephine Co., Oregon 8. (She was born on January 11, 1861 in Douglas Co., Oregon 8 and died on October 13, 1910 in Vancouver, Clark Co., Washington 22.) They divorced sometime between 1899 and 1901. (Cassie filed for divorce in September 1899, but that case was dismissed. She later filed a successful divorce suit, sometime before she remarried in February 1901).
They had two children:
Fred Earl Martin (1878-1938)
md. Maude Ethel Thomas
Ethel Lillian Martin (1880-1963)
md. Nat Ladd Eddy
Kathryn Leona Martin (1884-1945)
md. 1st. Chester Smith
md. 2nd. Arthur J. Cuff

Hardin usually went by the pet name "Tobe". He was a stage driver, which required him to be gone from his family frequently. In 1881, his brother George deeded him 160 acres of their family land near Galesville, Oregon. Tobe and his family apparently lived there until 1889, when they sold the land. He and his wife were probably separated at about that time (his wife later claimed that he deserted her in 1888). Tobe went to live near Grants Pass, Oregon, while his wife and children moved to Eugene, Oregon. In 1900, Tobe was working as a logger. He has not been located in the 1910 census. Sometime before 1920, he moved to Portland, Oregon, where he spent the remainder of his life in the home of his daughter Ethel.

5 Joseph L.* Martin was born on February 5, 1850 in Lafayette, Yamhill Co., Oregon 8. He died sometime between 1870-1901.

* We don't know his middle. I assume though that his middle name was Lane, and that he was named after General Joseph Lane, who at the time was Governor of Oregon and his father's political ally.

There is no evidence of Joseph after 1870, when he was 20 years old and living with his parents. He had definitely died before 1901, when he was not listed as a survivor of his father. He probably died before 1880, as he has not been found in that year's census. However, in the Glendale Cemetery (where his father and sister are buried) there are three children of "J.L. and J.C. Martin" who died in 1887, 1888 and 1890. No idea who this family was.

6 George Francis Martin was born on August 10, 1852 in Winchester, Douglas Co., Oregon 8. He died on June 29, 1934 in Santa Clara Co., California 13.
He married Olive May Gilmore on October 8, 1879 in Douglas Co., Oregon 10. (She was born on July 21, 1858 in Roseburg, Douglas Co., Oregon 8 and died on March 25, 1939 in Santa Clara Co., California 13.)
They had the following children:
Claude Frank Martin (1881-1935)
md. Mamie F. Buchler
William Adney Martin (1883-1949)
md. Ina Lemoine
Nelle Martin (1884-1886)
Della A. Martin (1887-1972)
md. Ed Bailiff
Grover Cleveland Martin (1894-1970)
md. Carolina Paulina Lewerenz

He usually went by the name "Frank". In 1878, his parents deeded him 160 acres of land from the family homestead near Galesville, Oregon. Frank and his wife lived there until 1881, when he deeded the land to his brother Hardin and moved away. In 1883, they were nearby in Roseburg, Oregon. Then by 1885, they had moved to Centerville in Klickitat County, Washington; where they lived for several years. Sometime between 1894 and 1900, the family moved again, to The Dalles, Oregon; where they again lived for several years. Sometime between 1903 and 1910, he moved to Monterey, California. In 1920, Frank was living with their son Claude near Seattle, Washington and his wife Olive was living with their son Grover in San Francisco, California. In 1930, they were again living together with their son Grover in San Francisco, California.

Frank worked for most of his adulthood as a house carpenter.

7 Emma Martin was born circa 1856 in Winchester, Douglas Co., Oregon 11. She died sometime between 1860-1870 in Douglas Co., Oregon.
One source indicates that Emma died on October 2, 1879, yet she most likely died before 1870. Could the date have been October 2, 1869?
William married second to Margaret Page, widow first of Daniel Duty and second of George Trible, on December 14, 1891 in Glendale, Douglas Co., Oregon 10. She was born circa 1815 in Tennessee. She died on June 4, 1899 in Jacksonville, Jackson Co., Oregon 6.
Margaret only had one known child, Abijah Duty, from her first husband. She was living with her family in Vanderburgh Co., Indiana from 1849 to 1860. In 1864, they were in Posey Co., Indiana and were in Gibson Co., Indiana in 1872. In 1880, she and her son were in La Bette Co., Kansas. They had moved to Jacksonville, Oregon, by 1891.

7th Generation:

Josephine Lucretia Martin was born on June 3, 1845 in Platte City, Platte County, Missouri 1,2,3. She died on June 16, 1899 in Jacksonville, Jackson Co., Oregon 1,3. She is buried in the Jacksonville Cemetery, Jacksonville, Jackson Co., Oregon.

Father: William Jennings Martin
Mother: Harriet Catherine Crobarger

Josephine was conceived soon after her father returned to Missouri from his year-long expedition to California. She was named after her aunt Josephine Martin Owen, who had died 2 years earlier. Even at her birth, Josephine's parents were probably making plans to move the entire family to Oregon. In the spring of 1846, when she was about 9 months old, the family left Missouri in a wagon train bound for the Oregon Territory. The train arrived in northern Oregon in September 1846 and the family immediately settled in the small town of Lafayette in Yamhill County, Oregon. They lived in Lafayette from 1846 to 1851. In 1851, they moved to Douglas County, in southern Oregon. In Douglas County, they lived in Winchester from 1851 to 1859, Roseburg from 1859 to 1861 and moved to Myrtle Creek in 1861. It was while living in Myrtle Creek that young Josephine left her family. In about 1862, when she would have been 16 or 17, she moved to somewhere in rural Josephine County, Oregon, where she began working as a school teacher. She also might have worked as a teacher briefly in Jacksonville, Jackson County, Oregon. It was during this time she attracted the attention of a young man named William Plymale, who lived with his family on a farm near Jacksonville, Oregon. (It is possible though that she had already known William; when her family lived in Roseburg from 1859-1861, they were neighbors of William's sister Elizabeth and her family). William and Josephine were married on July 9, 1863 in Jacksonville; she was 18 and he was 26.

After their marriage, the couple began living on his family's ranch, in an area called Manzanita Precinct in the Bear Creek valley, a few miles east of Jacksonville (now within Medford's city limits). In 1875, they moved to the city of Jacksonville, where they began living in a house on Oregon Street and operated a livery stable business which was across the street from their home.

Aside from being a wife and mother of 12 children, Josephine had a very active civic life. She had apparently inherited her fiery personality from her father, and seems to have been passionate about various issues. She was also very political, and held her own views and convictions. Apparently throughout most of her life, her husband and father were Democrats but Josephine was a Republican (which tended to be the more Progressive party at the time). Among her various activities, she: was a prominent Women's' Suffrage activist, was a Temperate activist, worked as a writer for two different newspapers (Ashland Tidings and Portland Oregonian), ran for political office (Jackson County Recorder), worked as a committee clerk for the state legislature, worked as a deputy town clerk (in Jacksonville), and was a noted public speaker, often chosen to give speeches to various groups. She was also actively involved with many groups, including: the Grange, the Jackson County Agricultural Society, the Oregon State Women's Suffrage Association, the Women's Christian Temperance Union, the National Press Association, the Oregon Press Association, the Madrona Lodge, the Ruth Rebekah Lodge, the Southern Oregon Pioneer Association, the Oregon Pioneer Association, and the Methodist Church.

In the year 1888, the Plymale's house burned down and the family moved the following year to a house across the street. This house is still standing today where it is aptly called "The Plymale House." Josephine became ill in December of 1898 and suffered from an unknown disease or illness ("a complication of diseases") for about 6 months. She died on June 16, 1899 in Jacksonville, Jackson County, Oregon. She was 54 years old and was buried in the Jacksonville Cemetery, Jacksonville, Oregon.

Josephine married William Jasper Plymale on July 9, 1863 in Jacksonville, Jackson Co., Oregon 4.
For information on her children, see his page.


1. Obituary of Josephine Plymale, Medford Mail, June 23, 1899.
2. Jacksonville Cemetery Index, Jacksonville, Oregon
3. Resolution on Deaths of Members, Southern Oregon Pioneer Association
4. Marriage records, Jackson Co., Oregon
5. The Umpqua Trapper. Douglas County Historical Society. Roseburg, OR. Vol 13, No. 4, 1977.
6. Obituary of William J. Martin, Roseburg Plaindealer, April 29, 1901
7. Missouri Marriages to 1850.
8. Online gedcom family files
9. Oregon state death index
10. Marriage records, Douglas Co., Oregon
11. Assorted US Federal census records
12. Death Certificate of Hardin Martin, 1921, Multnomah Co., OR
13. California state death index
14. Tombstone Inscriptions, McMinnville Masonic Cemetery, McMinnville, OR
15. Kentucky Marriages to 1850.
16. Online cemetery index, Old Parkville Cemetery, Parkville, Platte Co., Missouri.
17. Research of Seely Foley at
18. Death notice of Letitia Martin, Roseburg Plaindealer, December 12, 1874
19. Online cemetery index, Matfield Green Cemetery, Matfield Green, Chase Co., Kansas.
20. Death notice, The Vancouver Register, Aug. 31, 1867
21. Marriage notice, The Vancouver Register, Jan. 13, 1866
22. Washington State Death Index, 1907-1960.
23. Obituary of Mrs. Catherine Slocum, Oregonian [Portland, OR], Jun. 8, 1916, Pg. 16
24. Slocum, Charles E. A Short History of the Slocums, Slocumbs, and Slocombs of America. Syracuse, NY, 1882.
25. Marriage record of William Martin and Harriet Crobarger, Platte County Marriage Records, Vol 1, Pg 5
26. Paxton, W.M. Annals of Platte County, Missouri. Hudson Kimberly Publishing Co., 1897.
27. Information from Ralph Roberts at
28. Obituary of William Martin, the Medford Enquirer, May 4, 1901